All You Need to Know About the CPR Process for Different Age Ranges
The execution process for CPR varies between age group. It’s important for you to know these differences, seeing as they may mean the difference between life and death for the person that you’re trying to save. In this article, we’ll talk about the differences that you need to understand so that you can make the right decision when it comes time for you to act. With that said, let’s get into it.
An Overview of Pediatric Chain of Survival
The Pediatric Chain of Survival (PCS) is a protocol for saving a young victim of sudden cardiac arrest. For adults, the CPR giver needs to assess the situation and decide whether they should call an emergency unit or to start the CPR process. For children, the CPR process needs to start right away, as the cardiac arrest for a child often has an effect on the respiratory system as well. If they are not treated immediately, their brain may lose access to oxygen, causing permanent damage. If there’s no one who can immediately call an emergency unit while the rescuer is performing CPR, the rescuer should only call the unit after they have done the process for at least two minutes.
We’ll talk more in details of the CPR process for each age group down below:
Adult CPR Process
As mentioned, you need to assess the situation and call the emergency unit before you start the CPR process. The first thing you need to do is check for the pulse to see if the patient is still maintaining a regular beat before you start chest compressions. You should look to maintain around 100 to 120 compression per minute, or around twice in one second. Coincidentally, it’s the same BPM as the song “Staying Alive” by the Beegees, so sing that song in your head as you’re doing CPR can help you maintain the proper rhythm. If you’re AED-certified and there’s one nearby, be sure to use it. If you’re not CPR-certified, don’t attempt to do it, as you may injure the cardiac arrest victim even further.
Child CPR Process
Pediatric Resuscitation Protocol will need to be employed for people who weigh less than 121 pounds (roughly 54 kg). The main difference between the child resuscitation protocol and the adult one is that you have to act immediately before calling emergency services. Surprisingly, a child’s body is much more resilient when it comes to receiving CPR, and their chances of survival are much higher when you do it as soon as possible compared to if you were to do it for an adult. One concern that you need to have is that the children’s airways are much more fragile, so you need to be careful on the rescue breaths so that you don’t risk rupturing the trachea or lungs. Additionally, you should use only around ¼ of the force you would use for an adult to reduce the risk of breaking the ribcage of the victim.
Infant CPR Process
Infant CPR is by far the trickiest of them all, as there are a lot of factors that you have to be aware of to avoid injuring the baby. First of all, you need to see if the baby is truly unconscious, as there will be no need to do so if the baby is reacting to stimuli such as sight and sound. Do not attempt to shake the baby, as that could harm their brain due to how the brain could knock inside the crevice in the skull. Instead, you should use loud banging and flicking or tapping at the bottom of the baby’s foot to see if there’s any reaction. If there’s no reaction, then you will need to begin the CPR process immediately. Check for the pulse at the upper arm before you start the CPR process. When you’re looking to blow air back into the infant’s lungs, be sure not to tilt the head back too far, as this may harm the airways of the infant. For the compression, you only need to use two fingers on top of the infant’s chest and use only around ⅛ of the force you would use with an adult. You should follow the same beat with an infant than you would with an adult as well.
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