Thailand’s most dangerous work industry in 2021: Building construction

Thailand is a nation on the rise, with its rapidly developing urban landscapes and bustling cities. A significant driver of this growth is the construction industry, which contributes substantially to the country's economy. However, behind the gleaming skyscrapers and sprawling developments lies a grim reality: the construction industry in Thailand is one of the most dangerous sectors, causing fatalities every year.

In this article, we delve into the challenges and risks faced by those working in this vital but perilous industry.

Thailand’s most dangerous work industry in 2021: Building construction

Bangkok earned the distinction of being the province with the highest number of accidents, according to the WCF report released on Tuesday. In 2021, the report identified four occupations with the highest percentage of accidents:

  1. Building construction: This sector held the highest risk at 5.77%, resulting in 4,516 injuries or fatalities.

  2. Manufacturing of auto parts and accessories: With a risk factor of 2.57%, this industry saw 2,014 workers injured or killed.

  3. Metalworking lathe operation: With a risk rating of 2.07%, 1,623 workers suffered injuries or fatalities in this occupation.

  4. Construction of roads, bridges, tunnels: This field, at 1.89% risk, recorded 1,481 workers injured or killed

Construction Boom and Its Costs

The allure of progress and economic growth has led to an unprecedented construction boom in Thailand. New buildings, highways, and infrastructure projects continuously reshape the nation's skyline. While this growth is undoubtedly impressive, it comes at a high human cost.

The Unforgiving Nature of Construction

Construction work involves strenuous labor, heavy machinery, and often, working at great heights. These factors combine to create an environment where accidents can happen in the blink of an eye. Here are some of the key challenges that make the construction industry in Thailand inherently dangerous:

  1. High Accident Rates: Statistics reveal that construction consistently ranks among the top industries with the highest rates of workplace accidents and fatalities.

  2. Falls and Structural Failures: Working at heights poses a significant risk, and falls from scaffolding or other elevated structures are a common cause of injury and death.

  3. Heavy Machinery: Construction sites are filled with heavy equipment like cranes and excavators. Mishandling or accidents involving these machines can result in catastrophic consequences.

  4. Lack of Safety Protocols: In some cases, inadequate safety measures and training contribute to the risks faced by construction workers.

  5. Exposure to Hazardous Materials: Workers may come into contact with hazardous materials, including chemicals and asbestos, which can lead to long-term health issues.

  6. Long Working Hours: Construction often demands long hours and physically demanding tasks, which can lead to fatigue and increased accident risks.

A Call for Safety

Amidst these challenges, there's an urgent need for change. Safety must be paramount in the construction industry. Employers, workers, and regulatory bodies all play a role in ensuring that construction sites become safer environments.

Steps Toward Safety

  1. Training and Education: Providing comprehensive safety training to construction workers is essential. Workers must be educated on the risks they face and equipped with the knowledge to protect themselves and their colleagues.

  2. Safety Standards: Strict adherence to safety standards and regulations is crucial. Regular inspections and audits can help identify and rectify safety deficiencies.

  3. Investment in Safety Equipment: Employers should invest in appropriate safety equipment and gear for their workers, including helmets, harnesses, and fall protection devices.

  4. Workplace Culture: Fostering a culture of safety where workers feel comfortable reporting safety concerns and incidents is vital. Open communication can lead to timely resolutions and safer practices.


The construction industry is undoubtedly a driving force behind Thailand's development. However, it should not come at the cost of human lives. By prioritizing safety, enforcing regulations, and investing in training and education, Thailand can work toward reducing the risks associated with construction work. Every worker deserves to return home safely at the end of the day, and it's a collective responsibility to make this a reality in the construction industry.

Join Us in Making a Difference

The statistics are clear: accidents can happen anywhere, and being prepared to respond is essential. Join us at Bangkok First Aid to acquire the life-saving skills and knowledge needed to protect lives in your workplace and community.

Visit today to learn more about our courses and take the first step in becoming a confident and capable responder in emergencies. Together, we can make Thailand's workplaces safer and save lives when it matters most.

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